The digital gallery

E154 - The Great Miseries of War 1633

Image ID: 4067

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E154 - Frontispiece

Image ID: 4068

4068
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4068

Callot shows the orderly enlistment of men into the army to display the contrast of disorder and Chaos in battle on the next page.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/just-...

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Callot shows the orderly enlistment of men into the army to display the contrast of disorder and Chaos in battle on the next page.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/just-...

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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4068

States were unable to maintain large armies. Instead, they chose to enlist rapidly during time of war and outsource the enlistment to contractors. Money was often given up front to soldiers to help with enlistment.

Glete, Jan. War and the State in Early Modern Europe (Routledge, New York: 2002).

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States were unable to maintain large armies. Instead, they chose to enlist rapidly during time of war and outsource the enlistment to contractors. Money was often given up front to soldiers to help with enlistment.

Glete, Jan. War and the State in Early Modern Europe (Routledge, New York: 2002).

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E154 - L'enrôlement des troupes (Enrolling the troops)

Image ID: 4069

4069
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4069

Callot uses the inclusion of smoke to show off his talents as an engraver.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/just-...

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Callot uses the inclusion of smoke to show off his talents as an engraver.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/just-...

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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4069

Wherein, the first engraving focused on order, the second engraving seen here draws attention to the disorder, violence and chaos of battle amongst the soldiers.


https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Wherein, the first engraving focused on order, the second engraving seen here draws attention to the disorder, violence and chaos of battle amongst the soldiers.


https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Dot #: 3
Author: David
Image ID: 4069


Johann Anton Eismann "Battle" 1656.
A depiction of a cavalry attack shorty after the Thirty Years' War

https://www.hermitagemuseum.org/wps/portal/hermita...

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Johann Anton Eismann "Battle" 1656.
A depiction of a cavalry attack shorty after the Thirty Years' War

https://www.hermitagemuseum.org/wps/portal/hermita...

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E154 - La bataille (The battle)

Image ID: 4070

4070
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4070

*La Maraude (The Raid) displays the violence of soldiers upon villagers.

*Raids were not uncommon in the Thirty Years War and were used as a means to acquired food or carried out by soldiers after a battle uncontrolled by their officers.

Tallett, Frank. War and Society in Early Modern Europe: 1495-1715 (Routledge, London: 1992).


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*La Maraude (The Raid) displays the violence of soldiers upon villagers.

*Raids were not uncommon in the Thirty Years War and were used as a means to acquired food or carried out by soldiers after a battle uncontrolled by their officers.

Tallett, Frank. War and Society in Early Modern Europe: 1495-1715 (Routledge, London: 1992).


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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4070


Sebastien Vrancx, "The Looting of Wommelgem" (1625-1630)

Another artist's rendering of such a scenes of soldiers attacking civilians from the thirty years war.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastiaen_Vrancx

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Sebastien Vrancx, "The Looting of Wommelgem" (1625-1630)

Another artist's rendering of such a scenes of soldiers attacking civilians from the thirty years war.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastiaen_Vrancx

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E154 - La maraude (The raid)

Image ID: 4071

4071
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Author: tomadmin
Image ID: 4071

This woman appears to be offering some money to the three men about to kill the man on his knees.

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This woman appears to be offering some money to the three men about to kill the man on his knees.

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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4071

Le Pillage (Pillaging a house) goes further to display the violence influcted upon civilians by soldiers during war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Le Pillage (Pillaging a house) goes further to display the violence influcted upon civilians by soldiers during war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Dot #: 3
Author: David
Image ID: 4071

The range of violence carried out by soldiers and civilians displays marital violence as a a series of encounters with no clear victim or foe.(1)


(1) https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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The range of violence carried out by soldiers and civilians displays marital violence as a a series of encounters with no clear victim or foe.(1)


(1) https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Dot #: 4
Author: David
Image ID: 4071


Sebastian Vrancx "Soldiers Plundering a Farm during the Thirty Years' War" (1620).

A colored depiction of a similar scene as Callot's of the violence. Vrancx provides a less gruesome representation of the horror and misery that comes from the violence of war.

https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/soldiers-p...

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Sebastian Vrancx "Soldiers Plundering a Farm during the Thirty Years' War" (1620).

A colored depiction of a similar scene as Callot's of the violence. Vrancx provides a less gruesome representation of the horror and misery that comes from the violence of war.

https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/soldiers-p...

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E154 - Le pillage (Pillaging a house)

Image ID: 4072

4072
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4072

Here, Callot seeks to show the prominence of material gain in violence's associated with war.
*The monastery burnings in the background, to the middle ground soldiers take advantage of a women while it is the foreground which holds centre stage the material goods taken from the raid.(1)

(1)https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Here, Callot seeks to show the prominence of material gain in violence's associated with war.
*The monastery burnings in the background, to the middle ground soldiers take advantage of a women while it is the foreground which holds centre stage the material goods taken from the raid.(1)

(1)https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Image 6 of 18
E154 - Dévastation d'un monastère (Looting a monastery)

Image ID: 4073

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E154 - Pillage et incendie d'un village (Looting and burning a village)

Image ID: 4074

4074
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4074

Sebastiaen Vrancx "Assault on a Convoy c.1612

A depiction of a raid on a convoy.

https://www.khm.at/de/objektdb/detail/354

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Sebastiaen Vrancx "Assault on a Convoy c.1612

A depiction of a raid on a convoy.

https://www.khm.at/de/objektdb/detail/354

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Image 8 of 18
E154 - Vol sur les grandes routes (Highway robbery)

Image ID: 4075

4075
Image 9 of 18
E154 - Découverte des malfaiteurs (Arrest of the offenders)

Image ID: 4076

4076
Dot #: 1
Author: tomadmin
Image ID: 4076

The strappado, also known as corda, is a form of torture wherein the victim's hands are tied behind their back and suspended by a rope attached to the wrists, typically resulting in dislocated shoulders. Weights may be added to the body to intensify the effect and increase the pain. This kind of torture would generally not last more than an hour without rest, as it would likely result in death. Other names for strappado include "reverse hanging"...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strappado

https://historycollection.com/20-facts-about-excru...

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The strappado, also known as corda, is a form of torture wherein the victim's hands are tied behind their back and suspended by a rope attached to the wrists, typically resulting in dislocated shoulders. Weights may be added to the body to intensify the effect and increase the pain. This kind of torture would generally not last more than an hour without rest, as it would likely result in death. Other names for strappado include "reverse hanging"...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strappado

https://historycollection.com/20-facts-about-excru...

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Image ID: 4205

4205
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4205

Callot's scene La Pendaison (The Hanging) inspired the central image of William Hogarth's "The South Sea Scheme


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emblematical_Print_o...



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Callot's scene La Pendaison (The Hanging) inspired the central image of William Hogarth's "The South Sea Scheme


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emblematical_Print_o...



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E154 - La Pendaison (The Hanging)

Image ID: 4078

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Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4078

Callot sought to depict the violence regardless our without focus on who was giving and who was receiving. This slide shows a solider being at the reciving end of violence carried out by other soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Callot sought to depict the violence regardless our without focus on who was giving and who was receiving. This slide shows a solider being at the reciving end of violence carried out by other soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Image 12 of 18
E154 - L'arquebusade (Firing squad)

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4079
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E154 - Le bûcher (Burning at the stake)

Image ID: 4080

4080
Dot #: 1
Author: tomadmin
Image ID: 4080

The breaking wheel or execution wheel, also known as the Catherine wheel or simply the Wheel, was a torture method used for public execution primarily in Europe from antiquity through the Middle Ages into the early modern period by breaking the bones of a criminal or bludgeoning them to death.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_wheel

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The breaking wheel or execution wheel, also known as the Catherine wheel or simply the Wheel, was a torture method used for public execution primarily in Europe from antiquity through the Middle Ages into the early modern period by breaking the bones of a criminal or bludgeoning them to death.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_wheel

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E154 - La roue (Breaking wheel)

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Author: David
Image ID: 4081

Here can be seen the violence effect from war against those who fought.
*A series wounded men, wait at an office to receive help from the wounds inflicted upon them during war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Here can be seen the violence effect from war against those who fought.
*A series wounded men, wait at an office to receive help from the wounds inflicted upon them during war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4081

The previous three engravings have shown punishment to soldiers. A striking element of Callot's work is that such images are followed immediately by images of suffering soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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The previous three engravings have shown punishment to soldiers. A striking element of Callot's work is that such images are followed immediately by images of suffering soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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Image 15 of 18
E154 - L'hôpital (The hospital)

Image ID: 4082

4082
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4082

While there are those beggars who may receive help from hospitals and funds, many more found there fate here. Begging and dying along the side of a road.
*The violence' of war not only hurting them during the battle but, continues to inflict suffering upon those who received its violence..


https://artmuseum.princeton.edu/collections/object...

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While there are those beggars who may receive help from hospitals and funds, many more found there fate here. Begging and dying along the side of a road.
*The violence' of war not only hurting them during the battle but, continues to inflict suffering upon those who received its violence..


https://artmuseum.princeton.edu/collections/object...

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E154 - Les mendiants et les mourants (The beggars and the dying)

Image ID: 4083

4083
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4083

After showing the violence upon soldiers by soldiers, the violence carried out against civilians and the suffering of soldiers from punishment's and war, Callot creates a dilemma, a pondering to a perceived rhetoric of his narrative. The civilians now take violence to the soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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After showing the violence upon soldiers by soldiers, the violence carried out against civilians and the suffering of soldiers from punishment's and war, Callot creates a dilemma, a pondering to a perceived rhetoric of his narrative. The civilians now take violence to the soldiers.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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Image 17 of 18
E154 - La revanche des paysans (The peasants fight back)

Image ID: 4087

4087
Dot #: 1
Author: David
Image ID: 4087


Frederick V, Elector Palatine during. An active in the Thirty Years' War

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_V_of_the_P...

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Frederick V, Elector Palatine during. An active in the Thirty Years' War

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_V_of_the_P...

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Dot #: 2
Author: David
Image ID: 4087

King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Active in the Thirty Years' War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustavus_Adolphus_of...

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King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Active in the Thirty Years' War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustavus_Adolphus_of...

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Dot #: 3
Author: David
Image ID: 4087


King Philip IV & III of Spain and Portugal. Active in the Thirty Years' War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_IV_of_Spain

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King Philip IV & III of Spain and Portugal. Active in the Thirty Years' War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_IV_of_Spain

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Dot #: 4
Author: David
Image ID: 4087


Ferdinand II Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia. Of the Habsburg Dynasty a primary agitator of the war

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Ferdinand II Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia. Of the Habsburg Dynasty a primary agitator of the war

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Dot #: 5
Author: David
Image ID: 4087

The final engraving shows the king, his generals, and his minsters. All those who began the war and if able will prosper from the war without ever having received the violence of war.

*Many scholars since the publication of Callot's work have focused on the last engraving to give meaning to his narrative. However, contemporary scholarship still contends that Callot provides no clear class or national morality or message to his engravings. All may be at fault, all have suffered, all have played a role.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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The final engraving shows the king, his generals, and his minsters. All those who began the war and if able will prosper from the war without ever having received the violence of war.

*Many scholars since the publication of Callot's work have focused on the last engraving to give meaning to his narrative. However, contemporary scholarship still contends that Callot provides no clear class or national morality or message to his engravings. All may be at fault, all have suffered, all have played a role.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307...

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Dot #: 6
Author: David
Image ID: 4087

In contrast to the preceding images of violence and Chaos, this slide is to remind that royal order does not have the ability to prevent the quotidian problem of war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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In contrast to the preceding images of violence and Chaos, this slide is to remind that royal order does not have the ability to prevent the quotidian problem of war.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bulletinfront/0054307.0016.102/--just-violence-jacques-callots-grandes-miseres-et-malheurs-de?g=bulletin;rgn=main;view=fulltext;xc=1

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Dot #: 7
Author: David
Image ID: 4087

King Louis XIII. King of France during the Thirty years' war

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIII

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King Louis XIII. King of France during the Thirty years' war

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIII

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Image 18 of 18
E154 - Distribution des récompenses (Distribution of rewards)
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E154 - Frontispiece
E154 - Frontispiece
E154 - L'enrôlement des troupes (Enrolling the troops)
E154 - L'enrôlement des troupes (Enrolling the troops)
E154 - La bataille (The battle)
E154 - La bataille (The battle)
E154 - La maraude (The raid)
E154 - La maraude (The raid)
E154 - Le pillage (Pillaging a house)
E154 - Le pillage (Pillaging a house)
E154 - Dévastation d'un monastère (Looting a monastery)
E154 - Dévastation d'un monastère (Looting a monastery)
E154 - Pillage et incendie d'un village (Looting and burning a village)
E154 - Pillage et incendie d'un village (Looting and burning a village)
E154 - Vol sur les grandes routes (Highway robbery)
E154 - Vol sur les grandes routes (Highway robbery)
E154 - Découverte des malfaiteurs (Arrest of the offenders)
E154 - Découverte des malfaiteurs (Arrest of the offenders)
E154 - L'estrapade  (Strappado)
E154 - L'estrapade (Strappado)
E154 - La Pendaison (The Hanging)
E154 - La Pendaison (The Hanging)
E154 -  L'arquebusade (Firing squad)
E154 - L'arquebusade (Firing squad)
E154 - Le bûcher  (Burning at the stake)
E154 - Le bûcher (Burning at the stake)
E154 -  La roue (Breaking wheel)
E154 - La roue (Breaking wheel)
E154 - L'hôpital (The hospital)
E154 - L'hôpital (The hospital)
E154 - Les mendiants et les mourants (The beggars and the dying)
E154 - Les mendiants et les mourants (The beggars and the dying)
E154 -  La revanche des paysans (The peasants fight back)
E154 - La revanche des paysans (The peasants fight back)
E154 - Distribution des récompenses (Distribution of rewards)
E154 - Distribution des récompenses (Distribution of rewards)